Not meeting developmental milestones doesn’t necessarily mean your child has a delay. But if your child really has it, getting proper treatment early may help him catch up quicker and without consequences. Here, we talk about warning signs that can tell you whether it is time for the intervention.

Just think of everything little kids have to learn! We expect their skills to develop naturally over time and can estimate when they should do certain things. This schedule for skills is called developmental milestones. However, normal development is a broad term because every child learns new things at his own pace. And sometimes skills don’t emerge at all; this is when you should be concerned. What can you do? Let’s have a look at different types of delays and how to tell whether your child experiences one.

Developmental Delays In Children

According to the WebMD article, there are many types of environmental delays, including:

  • Language and speech;
  • Movement;
  • Emotional and social skills;

We will go through every type and its warning signs that often show up from ages 3 to 5, as well as potential treatments.

Language And Speech Delays

This is the most common type of delays. Language and speech is everything that includes verbal expression and understanding directions. There are lots of factors that can result in language and speech delays, for example:

  • Learning disability;
  • Exposure to several languages;
  • Autism and other similar conditions;
  • Hearing loss.

In order to treat the delay, you should visit a speech and language therapist to undergo special speech therapy. The doctor can also suggest you the following:

  • Read to your child;
  • Talk more with your child;
  • Receive treatment for ear infections;
  • Reinforce speech.

The Main Signs of Language And Speech Delays

If your child has any of the symptoms mentioned below, you should seek medical advice:

  • By the age of three, visit a doctor if your child cannot talk in short phrases.
  • By the age of four, visit a doctor if your child cannot use “me” and “you” correctly.
  • By the age of five, visit a doctor if your child cannot understand simple commands with prepositions, cannot use past tense and plurals, doesn’t know his/her name and surname.

Motor Skill Delays

Gross motor skill delays are also quite common in children. This includes everything from playing a ball to coloring. The causes include but not limited to prematurity and cerebral palsy. Lack of stimulation and autism can also cause delays. As a result, a child has difficulties with:

  • Ordinary activities;
  • Coordination;
  • Extreme reactions to touch;
  • Vision;
  • Myopathy (muscle disease).

There are treatments that help your child to catch up. The most common are:

  • Occupational therapy;
  • Physiotherapy
  • Sensory integration therapy

The Main Signs of Motor Skill Delays

If your child cannot perform any activity mentioned below, you should seek medical advice:

  • By the age of three, your child shouldn’t fall often or have troubles going up and down stairs.
  • By the age of four, your child should not have problems with jumping on spot, riding a tricycle or scribbling.
  • By the age of five, your child should be able to hold crayons, build a tower of blocks, brush teeth well and wash hands.

Social And Emotional Delays

Children can have problems interacting with people. The most possible causes of social and emotional delays are ineffective parenting, neglect, and autistic spectrum disorders. Treatments for this type of delays include:

  • Behavioral therapy;
  • Learning therapeutic parenting skills;

The Main Signs of Social And Emotional Delays

If your child cannot perform any activity mentioned below, you should seek medical advice:

  • By the age of three, your child should be able to keep good eye contact and separate parents and close relatives.
  • By the age of four, your child should be able to respond to other people, go to toilet and dress up.
  • By the age of five, your child should not get aggressive or sad without any reason and should express interest in imaginative play.

Cognitive Delays

Cognitive delays can be caused by genetics or chromosomal abnormality, diseases, environmental factors, different abnormalities, prematurity, oxygen deprivation and neglect. The treatments include:

  • Medication;
  • Play therapy;
  • Occupational therapy;

The Main Signs of Cognitive Delays

If your child cannot perform any activity mentioned below, you should seek medical advice:

  • By the age of three, your child should copy a circle, understand simple commands and instructions, play with toys.
  • By the age of four, your child should express interest in interactive games and imaginative play.
  • By the age of five, your child should be able to concentrate on something for 5 minutes or longer.

If your child has delays, you should stay calm and undergo proper treatment. Most delays are not serious and children can catch up. Besides, even children with serious conditions make big improvements, so never lose hope.