Children are more prone to illnesses than adults, who have already built up immunity to different diseases. Toddlers touch everything and put their hands in their mouths, so your kid is bound to catch an illness at some point. Check this article to learn how to handle the most common childhood illnesses.

The more knowledgeable you are, the sooner you identify the disease and help your child feel better. You can’t prevent all the illnesses but you definitely can prepare for them.

Common Cold

Common cold comes with coughing, fever and a sore throat. There are children’s ibuprofen and acetaminophen that can help but you should always consult a pediatrician to get the dosage right. You can also use saline drops and an aspirator. Most kids feel better within 2-3 days.

Child with common cold


RSV is the most common in 2-year-old children. It is a virus that affects the lungs and comes with mild symptoms, such as coughing and fever. However, the disease may become more serious if a child has a chronic lung disease or a congenital heart condition. Call your pediatrician if your child is struggling to breathe or appears lethargic.


This disease is usually over by kindergarten and its symptoms are so minor you may not even realize your child has it. However, some children suffer fever and patchy rash on their chest. It usually takes a week to heal roseola and ibuprofen can help with symptoms.


Gastroenteritis or stomach bug has many unpleasant symptoms, such as abdominal pain and diarrhea. It normally clears up in 2-3 days and requires rest and TLC. Make sure your child is drinking enough water. You should also give a child a tablespoon of an electrolyte solution every 15 minutes. If your kid prefers juice, mix it with a solution.

When a child gets hungry, offer rice, bananas, toasts or applesauce. These foods don’t contain much sugar and kids like the sweet taste and creamy texture.

Hand-Foot-Mouth Disease

This disease appears during summer time and it is very contagious, passing from one child to another through cough and touch. The main symptom is red blisters on the hands and feet that can last for ten days. Give your child enough water, cold fluids and ice pope to avoid dehydration and ease a sore throat.

Hand-feet-mouth disease

Fifth Disease

This disease is known as a slapped cheek syndrome. The main symptom is a red rash on cheeks, but a child may also experience fever, rash on other body parts and a runny nose. When the rush comes out, your child isn’t contagious.

Strep Throat

Kids often get infected with the bacteria when other family members have the illness. The virus is spread through sneezes but your child may get it by touching an item an infected person has touched. The main symptom is throat pain, which can be severe or mild. Antibiotics help feel better quickly and the illness usually clears off in a week.


It takes over 2 weeks for influenza to fully develop, so you can prevent lots of symptoms by taking the vaccine early. If you don’t, the main symptoms such as a headache, sore throat, body aches and vomiting will appear. This illness can last for over 10 days and even lead to complications, such as pneumonia.

If you suspect your child has influenza, call your pediatrician. He may recommend medications that will speed up the recovery.

Child with Influenza


This is a contagious disease that causes blurry vision and redness around the eyes. The main cause is a bacterial infection, which is treated with special drops. Your child should avoid touching eyes and wash hands regularly or others can get infected as well.

Now when you know the symptoms, you will help make these illnesses more manageable for your child!